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研究表明:健康的老年人受益于力量训练

kira86 于2019-09-12发布 l 已有人浏览
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伯明翰大学的一项研究表明,预防疾病和老年并发症的最佳策略是定期锻炼。阻力训练会导致肌肉质量和骨密度增加,它们对老年人的健康很重要。
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Study Shows Healthy Seniors Benefit from Hardcore Exercise

研究表明:健康的老年人受益于核心运动

In the Chinese capital senior citizens shatter the stigma of old and frail. I have nothing to do since retirement, so I just come here and exercise.Yu Songwang is a retired farmer, he’s one of hundreds of older adults stretching and working out at Temple of Heaven in Beijing.I do not stay at home, because there is nothing to do.I swim for one hour at the gym then I work my mustles and then billiards, whatever makes me happy.Researchers say previous thinking that exercises too taxing on seniors bodies even those who are relatively healthy is outdated thinking.By far the best strategy to protect against disease and age comorbidities is to adopt regular exercise.Resistance training leads to increased muscle mass and bone density, both important for the well-being of aging bodies, Dr. Leigh Breen from the University of Birmingham.We set out to understand whether individuals who’ve been highly active for all their lives or master athletes as we call them,whether their muscles responded any better to a single bout of resistance type exercise compared to your average Joe or your sedentary older person. And what we found was that their muscles responded identically to this battle of resistance exercise.

在中国首都北京,老年人打破了年老体衰的名声。退休之后没有什么事可做,所以我就来这里锻炼了。余松旺是一位退休工人,他是北京天坛公园数百名拉伸筋骨,锻炼的老人之一。我不待在家里,因为没有事情可做。我在健身房游一个小时的泳,然后锻炼下肌肉,打打台球,做点喜欢的事情。以前人们认为锻炼对老年人,甚至是那些相对健康的老年人来说负担过重,研究人员表示那种想法已经过时了。到目前为止,预防疾病和老年并发症的最佳策略是定期锻炼。伯明翰大学的雷·布林博士说,阻力训练会导致肌肉质量和骨密度增加,它们对老年人的健康很重要。我们开始了解那些一辈子都非常积极活跃的人,或者说是我们称为健将的人,他们的肌肉在一场阻力训练中的反应是否比普通人或久坐不动的老年人更好。我们发现他们的肌肉对这种阻力训练的反应是一样的。

He says people in their fifties and sixties should structure two or three days each week for strength training. We saw about a 20 percent increase in the muscle building response to resistance training and that was fairly consistent across all of our older untrained individuals in this city.Breen says a gym membership is great but that even bodyweight exercises reap benefits for seniors they studied. The children have grown up, my grandchild has already gone to school. I’m over 80 now. What can I do? I just exercise and try not to trouble my children.The Birmingham study looked at 15 men between 65 and 80 years old. Breen says the University plans a separate study for women later this year.

他说五六十岁的人应该每周安排两到三天进行力量训练。我们看到肌肉对阻力训练的反应增加了百分之二十,而且这个城市中所有未经训练的老年人其肌肉对阻力训练的反应都相当一致。布林说,成为健身房会员去健身房锻炼很好,但他们研究发现即使是体重锻炼也能为老年人带来好处。孩子们都长大了,我孙子已经上学了。我现在80多岁了。我没什么事儿可做。我就锻炼锻炼身体,尽量不给孩子们添麻烦。伯明翰大学的这项研究观察了15名年龄在65岁至80岁的男性。布林说该大学计划在今年晚些时候对女性进行一项单独的研究。

Arash Arabasadi VOA News Washington.

美国之音,Arash Arabasadi,华盛顿报道。

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